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The Sothic cycle theory assigns familiar calendar dates to those reigns.However, both Manetho’s history and the Sothic theory have flaws that make them an unreliable foundation for chronology.Finding them is easy with our totally FREE Gambia dating service.
Though many claim that traditional chronology is indisputable, a close look at this chronology reveals its shaky foundation. Rene Grognard of the University of Sydney says, “It is important to show the weaknesses or errors in our understanding of a theory in order to leave our minds free to think of a more acceptable alternative.”1 Before exploring an acceptable alternative to traditional Egyptian chronology, this chapter will show some of the errors it is built on.
Traditional Egyptian chronology is built on Manetho’s history and the Sothic theory. C., Manetho compiled a list of pharaohs and the lengths of their reigns.
Eusebius, the fourth-century historian who quoted Manetho extensively, did not believe that Manetho intended for his regnal years to be added up consecutively. Manetho’s history is also inconsistent with contemporary Egyptian sources. Because Manetho’s history contradicts actual Egyptian records from the time of the pharaohs, historians should not consider Manetho’s history authoritative. Historians combine the Sothic cycle dates with Manetho’s history to get traditional Egyptian dates. History gives no hint that the Egyptians regularly dated important events from the rising of Sothis.
Eusebius says, “Several Egyptian kings ruled at the same time. Eduard Meyer created the Sothic cycle in 1904 to give Egypt a unified calendar6 that aligns Egyptian regnal years with modern historians’ B. Meyer proposed that the Egyptian calendar, having no leap year, fell steadily behind until it corrected itself during the year of the “rising of Sothis.” The theory says the Egyptians knew that 1,460 years were necessary for the calendar to correct itself because the annual sunrise appearance of the star Sirius corresponded to the first day of Egypt’s flood season only once every 1,460 years.7 Sothic theory claims that the Egyptian calendar was correct only once every 1,460 years (like a broken watch that is correct twice a day) and that the Egyptians dated important events from this Great Sothic Year. The second-century astronomer Claudius Ptolemy never mentions the rising of Sothis.9 Furthermore, whenever Egyptian writings mention the rising of Sothis in connection with a regnal year, the pharaoh is unnamed,10 or the reference is ambiguous.11 For these reasons, many Egyptologists have consistently rejected Sothic-cycle-based chronology.
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Our free personal ads are full of single women and men in Gambia looking for serious relationships, a little online flirtation, or new friends to go out with.However, Manetho’s writings are unsuitable for establishing a reliable Egyptian chronology because Manetho’s history: Manetho, whose writings only survive as a partially preserved “garbled abridgement,”3 did not intend for his history to be a chronological account of Egyptian history.Like everyone else in the ancient world, Manetho measured time in regnal years (“in the fifth year of King So-and-So”). It was not a succession of kings occupying the throne one after the other, but several kings reigning at the same time in different regions.”4 Because Manetho’s history lists the reigns of kings who ruled simultaneously, historians should not add the years of the kings’ reigns together as if the kings ruled one after another. Breasted, author of History of Egypt, calls Manetho’s history “a late, careless and uncritical compilation, which can be proven wrong from the contemporary monuments in the vast majority of cases, where such documents have survived.”5 Manetho’s interpretation of each variation in spelling as a different king creates numerous nonexistent generations. as a totally certain date for the establishment of Egypt’s civil calendar.8 The Sothic cycle finds little historical support.I am very responsible and punctual person kind clever black beautiful 23I am a nice lady. Meet thousands of fun, attractive, Gambia men and Gambia women for FREE. Click on any of the cities in Gambia below to meet members looking to chat with you.Audacity is free software, developed by a group of volunteers and distributed under the GNU General Public License (GPL).Programs like Audacity are also called open source software, because their source code is available for anyone to study or use.Start meeting singles in Gambia today with our free online personals and free Gambia chat!Gambia is full of single men and women like you looking for dates, lovers, friendship, and fun.Patterns of Evidence: The Exodus unlocks the mystery and reveals evidence that matches and confirms the biblical account.If you have heard that there is no evidence for the Exodus, or for Joseph and the Hebrews in Egypt, prepare for a whole new view of history!