Interparental conflict adolescent dating relationships

Three statuses of TDV victimization were identified: (1) non-victims; (2) emotional/verbal victims; and (3) physical/psychological victims.LTA showed that the majority of adolescents stayed in the same status over time; however, female youth exposed to interparental violence were more likely to move from a less to more severe status over time compared to non-exposed youth.TY - JOURT1 - Do Gender and Exposure to Interparental Violence Moderate the Stability of Teen Dating Violence?

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The finding that childhood corporal punishment was associated with perpetration of young adult physical dating violence, even after controlling for several demographic variables and childhood physical abuse, adds to the growing literature demonstrating deleterious outcomes associated with corporal punishment.

This study investigated the ways in which exposure to interparental conflict may affect adolescent dating relationships in a sample of 391 adolescents ages 14 to 18 years.

Adolescents (N=1,042) from 7 public high schools in Texas participated in this longitudinal study.

The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI) (Wolfe et al., Psychological Assessment, 13(2), 277–293, 2001) was used to identify victimization statuses.

Results indicated that conflict properties of interparental conflict did not predict adolescent dating violence but that interparental conflict resolution predicted adolescents' heterosocial competence and use of adaptive conflict resolution strategies within their most recent dating relationship.

However, the hypothesized mediational relationships were not supported given that only a small proportion of variance in adolescent dating conflict was accounted for by heterosocial competence.For adolescent girls, there was an association between exposure to interparental violence (father-to-mother and mother-to-father) and TDV perpetration (physical violence and psychological abuse).For adolescent boys, only an association between mother-to-father violence was related to their TDV perpetration.This study was also made possible with funding to Dr.A growing body of literature has suggested that associations between interparental conflict and adolescent dating violence emerge in part due to social learning.Mounting evidence has demonstrated a link between exposure to family of origin violence and the perpetration of teen dating violence (TDV).However, only recently have mechanisms underlying this relationship been investigated and very few studies have differentiated between exposure to father-to-mother and mother-to-father violence.Further, for both girls and boys, the relationship between mother-to-father violence and perpetration of TDV was fully mediated by attitudes accepting of violence..The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development or the National Institutes of Health.This study investigates the development, change, and stability of teen dating violence (TDV) victimization over time.Specifically, we identify distinct subgroups of adolescents based on past-year TDV victimization, whether adolescents change victimization statuses over time (e.g., from psychological victimization to physical victimization), and how exposure to interparental violence and gender influence the prevalence and stability of TDV statuses.


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