Symbols of nature, useful animals or feared animals may also be included by both.
The definition of idolatry has been a contested topic within Abrahamic religions, with some Muslims considering the Christian use of the cross as a symbol of Christ, and of Madonna (Mary) in some churches, as a form of idolatry.
The defense of images and the role of the Syrian scholar John of Damascus was pivotal during this period.
The Eastern Orthodox sect of Christianity has ever since celebrated the use of icons and images.
These arguments assert, "the honor given to the image is transferred to its prototype", and that venerating an image of Christ does not terminate at the image itself – the material of the image is not the object of worship – rather it goes beyond the image, to the prototype.
The Eastern Orthodox Church has differentiated between latria and dulia.