The author in this article, I believe, rightly rejects the "just say no" argument. In 1991 a Gallop Poll found that, for the first time, more people in the United States approved of interracial marriages (48%) then disapproved (42%).6 Also the number of interracially married couples in the United States has gone from 150,000 couples in 1970 to 1.1 million in 1994 and the number of children born out of interracial marriages jumped from 460,300 in 1970 to 1.9 million in 1994.7 Furthermore, a Gallop Poll indicates acceptance for interracial marriages is growing. Three major justifications are explained by the author which are: White supremacy, protection of White womanhood, and the prevention of mixed race offspring.Sixty-one percent of White Americans are more likely to approve of such marriages today, compared to 4% in 1958.8 In addition, according to the U. Census Bureau, one in fifty marriages are interracial which is four times the number compared to 1970.9 Interracial marriages can include the union of Asians, Hispanics, Blacks, Whites, and any other group. The third justification was based on popular belief that children of interracial marriages were mentally and physically inferior to pure White race children.12 These racist beliefs concerning the inferiority of mixed race children were not confined to the uneducated masses.However, when people talk about race relations, the focus is on Blacks and Whites. The science of Eugenics also supported the belief that children produced from these interracial marriages were inferior.No matter what ethnic groups are involved, one major result of these marriages are children. The Devil and the One Drop Rule: Racial Categories, African Americans, and the U. The science is based on the proposition that most human ills are hereditary and that the human race can be perfected by encouraging the mating of healthy productive stock and discouraging the reproduction among the less fit.13 Thus, bans on interracial marriages were supported by science and non-science means.She was producing these mixed race children when in fact she was capable of producing pure White children. Black woman who produced mixed race children were not seen as assaulting the White race because they were unable to produce White children, thus did not effect the White race.23 Lastly, the article discusses prosecution of rape in Virginia. The Supreme Court case, which directly speaks to this topic, is Loving v. In 1958 Richard Loving and Mildred Jeter married in Washington, D. and returned to Virginia together as husband and wife. The problem arose in that since 1961 Virginia banned interracial marriages.The Lovings were prosecuted under a statute enacted in 1924 entitled "An Act to Preserve Racial Integrity."1 The statute said that in Virginia no White person could marry anyone other than a white person.2 The law made it a crime not only to enter into an interracial marriage in the State of Virginia, but it also criminalized interracial marriages outside the state with the intent of evading Virginia's prohibition.3 Furthermore the law stated that children born out of such a union were deemed in the eyes of the State to be illegitimate and without the protections and privileges accorded to the children of lawfully wedded parents. This article compares the history of interracial marriages with that of same-sex marriages.Children from interracial marriages are no longer denied the same benefits and privileges as the children prior to Loving. Children of Black and White Marriages, Black and White Mixed Marriages (1978). Peter Wallenstein, Race, Marriage, and the Law of Freedom: Alabama and Virginia, 1860's-1960's, 70 Chi.-Kent L. The Alabama Constitution of 1865 directed the legislature to make interracial marriages between White and people of African ancestry "null and void and make the parties to any such marriage subject to criminal prosecutions."14 The legislature established a penalty of 2-7 years imprisonment for both member of any interracial couple. This bibliography will focus on the additional time periods from 1660-1690, and 1690-1770 (the history basically holds true for both Virginia and Alabama).Celebrities like Tiger Woods may have changed society's views on interracial children, but are there more serious effects on these children than what is shown by Tiger Woods? Children of Interracial Marriages, Interracial Marriage: Expectations and Realities (1973). Race, Marriage, and the Law of Freedom: Alabama and Virginia, 1860's-1960's. Penalties were also set up for any probate judge who knowingly issued a marriage license to an interracial couple, and for any justice of the peace or minister of the gospel who performed a marriage ceremony for such a couple.15 This article goes on to show how the courts have adapted new law in both Alabama and Virginia as the political, legal, and constitutional environment determined how laws would be applied to interracial marriage. These time periods are where the history of the children born out of interracial marriages all began.