Periodically, these romantic relationships are marked by dating violence, and adolescents sometimes believe that these unhealthy relationships are the norm.In recent times, adolescent dating violence (ADV) is increasingly recognized as a significant school health problem in the United States that is beginning to receive attention from school administrators, social workers, school educators, health professionals, and public policy makers.On the basis of an eligible population of 4000 high school counselors and by using a conservative 50-50 split with regard to the practice of interest (ie, it was assumed that ∼50% of school counselors would report that they assisted survivors of ADV), it was determined that a sample of 257 high school counselors would be needed to make inferences to the total population with a sampling error of ±5% at the 95% confidence level.
These problems have a wide spectrum ranging from minor physical ailments to severe mental health problems including homicide and suicide.
Survivors of ADV are not only at increased risk for injury, they are also more likely to engage in binge drinking, suicide attempts, physical fights, current sexual activity, and poorer educational outcomes.
Dating and the exploration of nascent romantic relationships should be a part of the normal progression toward adult-hood for adolescents.
More than half of US adolescents reported being involved in a special romantic relationship within the past 18 months.
Adolescent dating violence has been studied from the perpetrators' and survivors' perspectives.
The risk and protective factors have been explored, and the strength of the association of these factors with adolescent dating violence has been adequately described.
Statistically significant differences (RESULTS: A majority of the school counselors reported that they did not have a protocol in their schools to respond to an incident of ADV (81.3%).
Additionally, the majority (90%) of counselors reported that in the past 2 years, training to assist survivors of teen dating abuse has not been provided to personnel in their schools, their school did not conduct periodic student surveys that include questions on teen dating abuse behaviors (83%), and their school did not have a committee that meets periodically to address health and safety issues that include teen dating abuse (76%).
The questionnaire was developed by using a key component of the Health Belief Model (eg, perceived barriers to assisting survivors of ADV) and the transtheoretical model originally developed for smoking cessation.
The Stages of Change theory assesses the progress of groups as they move from not thinking about a behavior (precontemplation stage) to having been actively involved in a behavior for longer than a year (maintenance stage).